Russian Ranks

WWI Russian Ranks

Russian Army Officers
General Feldmarshal Gen.FM general of the army
General-ot-infanterii ? __ (general of infantry)
General-ot-kavalerii ? __ (general of cavalry)
General-ot-artillerii ? __ (general of artillery)
General-lietenant ? lieutenant general (general of army corps)
General-maior ? major general (general of division)
Polkovnik ? colonel
Pod-polkovnik ? lieutenant colonel
Voiskovoi Starshina ? __ (Cossack lieutenant colonel)
Kapitan Kapt. major
Yesaul (Esaul) ? __ (Cossak major)
Rotmistr Rotm. __ (cavalry major)
Shtabs-Kapitan Sh.Kap. staff captain
Shtabs Rotmistr Sh.Rotm. __ (staff cavalry captain)
Pod-Yesaul (Esaul) ? __ (Cossack captain)
Poruchik ? lieutenant
Sotnik Sot. __ (Cossack lieutenant)
Pod-poruchik ? second lieutenant
Kornet   ? __ (cavalry 2nd lieutenant)
Khorunji (Khorunzhii) ? __ (Cossack 2nd lieutenant)
Praporshchik ? __ (Ensign of Reserve)
Russian Army Enlisted Men
Pod-praporshchik ? warrant officer (sub-ensign)
Pod-khorunzhji ? __ (Cossack warrant officer)
Zauryad-Praporschik ? acting ensign
Wachtmistre ? __ (sergeant major)
Feldfebel ? sergeant major
Vakhmistr ? Cossack sergeant major
Starshi-unterofitser ? senior N.C.O.
Starshi-fierverker ? senior sergeant (artillery)
Mladshi-unterofitser ? junior N.C.O.
Mladshii-feirverker ? junior sergeant (artillery)
Efreitor ? lance corporal
Prikaznyi ? Cossack lance corporal
Uriadnik ? Cossack N.C.O.
Ryadovoi ? private (soldier)
Okhotnik ? volunteer
Voenni letchik ? military pilot
Russian Naval Officers
General-admiral ? admiral of the fleet
Admiral Adm. admiral
Vitse-admiral ? vice admiral
Kontr-admiral K.Adm rear admiral
Kapitan 1-go ranga ? commodore (Captain 1st Rank)
Kapitan 2-go ranga ? commander (Captain 2nd Rank)
Starshii-leitenant ? senior lieutenant
Leitenant ? lieutenant (j.g.)
Michman ? midshipman
Morskii vopitannik ? __ (Naval Kadet)
Russian Naval Enlisted Men
Konductor ? warrant officer
Starshii-unterofitsery ? petty officer (Senior Underofficer)
Mladshii unterofitsery ? petty officer (Junior Underofficer)
Matros 1-i stati ? seaman (Sailor 1st Class)
Matros 2-i stati ? seaman (Sailor 2nd Class)

List of Ranks

Serbian Ranks

Ranks were the same in all arms (Infantry, Cavalry, Aviation, etc.). Serbia, being a land-locked country, didn't have a navy.

Rank abbreviations were reconstructed from modern usage, or common sense and analogies where the rank no longer exists. In WW I only the Cyrillic ranks would have been used; the Latin column may be used as a guide to pronunciation; the pronunciation column contains a simplified version, where appropriate, for English speakers.

Cyrillic Latin Pronunciation* Abbrev.-Cyr. Abbrev.-Latin English
Војвода Vojvoda Voyvoda војв. vojv. Fieldmarshal
Ђенерал Đeneral Dyeneral ђен. đen. General
Пуковник Pukovnik Pookovnik пук. puk. Colonel
Потпуковник Potpukovnik Potpookovnik ппук. ppuk. Sub-colonel
Мајор Major Mayor мај. maj. Major
Капетан прве класе Kapetan prve klase кIк kIk 1st Class Captain
Капетан друге-
druge класе
Kapetan drooge klase кIIк kIIk 2nd Class Captain
Поручник Poručnik Porootchnik пор. por. Lieutenant
Потпоручник Potporučnik Potporootchnik ппор. ppor. Sub-lieutenant
Enlisted men and NCOs:
Cyrillic Latin Pronunciation* Abbrev.-Cyr. Abbrev.-Latin English
Наредник Narednik нар. nar. Sеrgeant
Поднаредник Podnarednik пнар. pnar. Sub-sеrgeant
Каплар Kaplar капл. kapl. Corporal
Редов Redov ред. red. Private

*Pronunciation (simplified):
A is pronounced like in "mud"
E is pronounced like in "bed"
I is pronounced like in "pit"
Oo is pronounced like in "book"
O is pronounced like in "bog"
Y is pronounced like in "York".
S is pronounced like in "sin"
Our thanks to Nemanja Konstantinovic for furnishing this information.